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Duane A. Gill

Duane A. Gill, Research Professor

Duane Gill
Duane A. Gill, Research Professor

Department of Sociology
508 McBryde Hall
225 Stanger Street
Blacksburg, VA 24061

Duane A. Gill is a research professor of sociology at Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University and Emeritus Regents Professor of Sociology at Oklahoma State University. Dr. Gill is a disaster scholar specializing in technological hazards and disasters. He was part of a research team that investigated social impacts of the 1989 Exxon Valdez oil spill through a series of longitudinal studies spanning 24 years. He has also conducted primary research on human impacts of Hurricane Katrina and the 2010 BP Deepwater Horizon oil spill. During the past 10 years, Dr. Gill has worked with First Nations in Canada to conduct social impact assessments of energy development activities occurring in their traditional lands and waters and recently participated in a ‘Best Brains Exchange’ hosted by the Impact Assessment Agency of Canada and the Canadian Institutes of Health Research. His research activities generally seek to understand community capacity to respond to and recover from disasters, as well as ways to enhance community preparedness and resilience. Dr. Gill is a Fulbright Scholar, having spent the 1998-99 academic year at the University of Bahrain and the Fall 2015 semester as a Visiting Research Chair in Native Studies at the University of Alberta in Canada. 

  • Hazards and Disasters
  • Environmental Sociology
  • Social Impact Assessment
  • Community
  • Indigenous Peoples
  • Sociology, Texas A&M University, 1986
  • M.A. in Sociology, Kansas State University, 1980
  • B.A. in Sociology, Central College (Iowa), 1978


  • Picou, J.S., D.A. Gill and M.J. Cohen (eds.). 1997. The Exxon Valdez Disaster: Readings on a Modern Social Problem. Dubuque, IA: Kendall-Hunt. (Second printing, 1999; Third printing 2008 Delhi, India: Indo American Books).
Journal Articles
  • Gill, D.A., and R.A. Ritchie. 2020. “Considering Cumulative Social Effects of Technological Hazards and Disasters.”American Behavioral Scientist 64(8):1145-1161.
  • Ritchie, L.A., D.A. Gill, and M.A. Long. 2020. “Factors Influencing Stress Response Avoidance Behaviors following Technological Disasters: A Case Study of the 2008 TVA Coal Ash Spill.” Environmental Hazards 19(5):442-462.
  • Gray, B.J., D.A. Gill, and J.R. Friedman. 2019. “Analogies and Natural Cycles in Climate Change Skepticism.” Human Organization 78(3):181-191.
  • Ritchie, L.A., D.A. Gill, and M.A. Long. 2019. Factors Influencing Stress Response Avoidance Behaviors Following Technological Disasters: A Case Study of the 2008 TVA Coal Ash Spill. Environmental Hazards. DOI: 10.1080/17477891.2019.1652142 
  • Jedd, T, D. Bathke, D.A. Gill, B. Paul, N. Wall, T. Brenadt, J. Petr, A. Mucia and M. Wall. 2018. “Tracking Drought Perspectives: A Rural Case Study of Transformations Following an Invisible Hazard.” Weather, Climate, and Society10(4):653-672.  
  • Ritchie, L.A., D.A. Gill, and M.A. Long. 2018. “Mitigating Litigating: An Examination of Psychosocial Impacts of Compensation Processes Associated with the 2010 BP Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill.” Risk Analysis DOI: 10.1111/risa.12969. 
  • Gill, D. A., L.A. Ritchie and J.S. Picou. 2016. “Sociocultural and Psychosocial Impacts of the Exxon Valdez Oil Spill: Twenty-Four Years of Research in Cordova, Alaska.” Extractive Industries and Society 3:1105-1116. 
  • Gill, D.A., L.A. Ritchie, J.S. Picou, J. Langhinrichsen-Rohling, M.A. Long, and J.W. Shenesey. 2014. The Exxon and BP Oil Spills: A Comparison of Psychosocial Impacts.” Natural Hazards 74:1911–1932.
  • Ritchie, L.A., D.A. Gill and C. Farnham. 2013. “Recreancy Revisited: Beliefs about Institutional Failure Following the Exxon Valdez Oil Spill.” Society and Natural Resources 26:655-671 (2012, DOI: 10.1080/08941920.2012.690066).
  • Gill, D.A., J.S. Picou, and L.A. Ritchie. 2012. “The Exxon Valdez and BP Oil Spills: A Comparison of Initial Social and Psychological Impacts.” American Behavioral Scientist 56(1):3-23.
  • Ritchie, L.A., D.A. Gill and J.S. Picou. 2011. “The BP Disaster and Social Distress: A Rerun of the Exxon Valdez?” Contexts10(3):30-35.    
  • Ritchie, L.A. and D.A. Gill.  2008. “The Selendang Ayu Shipwreck and Oil Spill: Considering Threats and Fears of a Worst Case Scenario.” Sociological Inquiry 78(2):184-206.
  • Gill, D.A. 2007.  “Secondary Trauma or Secondary Disaster? Insights from Hurricane Katrina.”  Sociological Spectrum27(6):613-632.
  • Ritchie, L.A. and D.A. Gill. 2007. “Social Capital Theory as an Integrating Theoretical Framework in Technological Disaster Research.”  Sociological Spectrum 27:103-129.
Book Chapters
  • Gill, D.A. and T. Mix. 2020. “Love Canal: A Classic Case Study of a Contaminated Community.” Pp  in Carey Pope and Jing Liu (eds.). An Introduction to Interdisciplinary Toxicology: From Molecules to Man. Elsevier.
  • Ritchie, L.A., Gill, D.A, and J.R. Harrald. 2019.  “Systems Are Tested: Emergency Management and Legal Responses to the BP Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill.” Pp 219-237 in C. Rubin (ed.). Emergency Management: The American Experience, 1900-2010, Third Edition. Abingdon, UK: Taylor and Francis. 
  • Gill, D.A. and L.A. Ritchie. 2018. “Contributions of Technological and Natech Disaster Research to the Social Science Disaster Paradigm.”  Pp. 39-60 in H. Rodriguez, J. Trainor, and W. Donner (eds). Handbook of Disaster Research, Second Edition. New York: Springer.
  • Ritchie, L.A. and Gill, D.A. 2018. “The Role of Social Capital in Community Disaster Resilience.” Pp 112-139 in J. Boland (ed.). Resilience: Challenges of Transformational Change. Virginia Tech Center for Community Security and Resilience.
  • Gill, D.A., L.A. Ritchie and J.S. Picou. 2015. “Litigation and Settlements Following the Exxon Valdez and BP Deepwater HorizonOil Spills: When the Disasters Are Crimes.” Pp. 85-115 in D. W. Harper and K. Frailing (eds.). Crime and Criminal Justice in Disaster (Third Edition). Durham, NC: Carolina Academic Press.
  • Gill, D.A. and L.A. Ritchie. 2015. “Sociocultural Survival in the Face of Looming Disaster: The Gitga’at First Nation’s Opposition to the Enbridge Northern Gateway Pipeline Project.” Pp. 211-223 in M. Companion (ed.), Disasters' Impacts on Livelihood and Cultural Survival: Losses, Opportunities, and Mitigation. CRC Press/Taylor & Francis Group.

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