- 19th and 20th Century US Social History
- Race, Class and Gender in the Urban World
- African American, Race, Gender, Labor, Urban
- Ph.D. Rutgers University
- M.A. University of South Florida
- B.A. University of South Florida
Awards and Honors
2015 Co-Winner of the Joseph L. Arnold Award for Outstanding Writing on Baltimore’s History, Baltimore City Historical Society
2011-2012 Andrew W. Mellon Foundation Dissertation Completion Fellowship, Rutgers University
2010 Graduate Fellow, Rutgers Center for Historical Analysis
2009 Andrew W. Mellon Foundation Summer Research Grant, Rutgers University
A Brotherhood of Liberty: Black Reconstruction and its Legacies in Baltimore, 1865-1920. Forthcoming June 2019 from the University of Pennsylvania Press.
- “‘The Struggle For Land and Liberty’: Segregation, Violence and African-American Resistance 1898- 1918.” The Journal of Urban History, Volume 44 Issue 4, July 2018.
- “‘For My Race Against All Political Parties’: Building a Radical African-American Activist Foundation in Baltimore, 1870s-1885.” Maryland Historical Magazine, Spring/Summer 2016, Volume 1: 86-107.
- “‘Manufacturing Criminals’: The Historical Root of Baltimore’s Racialized Criminal Justice System,” Perspectives on History, July 2015.
- “Unrealized Dreams and Oddball Schemes: A Failed Community and Tourist Traps in Northwestern Florida: Review of Floridale: The Rise and Fall of a Florida Boom Community by Brian R. Rucker and Florida’s Miracle Strip: From Redneck Riviera to Emerald Coast by Tim Hollis.” Gulf South Historical Review, Spring 2006.
- “‘Race Riot,’ ‘Midnight Melee,’ and Other ‘Crimes’ Reconsidered: African-American Soldiers’ Protests in 1898 Tampa” Gulf South Historical Review, Spring 2005, Volume 20, No. 2: 37-62.
Current Research: Reforming Charm City: Grassroots Activism, Politics, and the Making of Modern Baltimore, 1877-1920