James Hawdon, Professor and Interim Chair of the Department of Sociology, published “The Perpetuation of Online Hate: A Criminological Analysis of Factors Associated with Participating in an Online Attack,” Journal of Hate Studies 15.1 (2019): 157–81, with Mathew Costello, Colin Bernatzky, and Rebecca-Barett Fox; and “Gateway or Cul de Sac? Using Big Data to Assess Legal Recreational Marijuana and Changes in the Use of ‘Hard’ Drugs,” Sociation 18.2 (2019): 20–28, with Robert Todd Perdue.