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Introduction to the theoretical frameworks and historiographical debates that inform the contemporary research and writing of history. Graduate standing required.

American history, from European discovery through Reconstruction. Emphasis on major themes and developments in the emergence of the United States: exploration and settlement; encounters among Europeans, Africans, and Native Americans; achievement of political independence; territorial expansion and political conflict; immigration, industrialization, and urbanization; Civil War, emancipation, and Reconstruction. I

Introduction to main themes in U.S. history beginning with post-Civil War industrialization. An intensive readings course emphasizing the social, cultural, political, economic and military changes in the century after Reconstruction. II

Introduction to skills and methods used in the research, writing and publication of historical scholarship.

Writing skills for clear, professional historical writing. Narrative approaches to writing public history, conference presentations, and scholarly publications. Methods of incorporating feedback. Self-editing skills. Pre: Graduate standing.

Methods and concepts in the history of science and technology. 5205: research methods, interpretive approaches, and contemporary issues in the history of science

5206: research methods, interpretive approaches, and contemporary issues in the history of technology. II

A variable content course exploring historiographical approaches to the study of global history from the classical age to the present. Special emphasis on chronological frameworks, histories and theories of globalization, and implications of new scholarship in global history for research and teaching. May be taken with differet content for a total of 6 credit hours. Graduate standing required.

Variable topics readings course focuing on historiographical trends on particular themes in African history. May be taken with different content for a total of 6 credit hours. Pre: Graduate standing.

A variable content course exploring the intersection of cultural theory and the discipline of history. Introduces important theoretical contributions to the study of culture and examines how historians have used these constructs to interpret the past. May be taken with different content for a total of 6 credit hours. Graduate standing required.

Introduction to the theoretical, interpretive, controversial, and practical issues facing public historians. Focus on interpretations and specific issues surrounding the presentation of history in museum enhibits, documentary films, photographic collections, community history projects, the Internet, and a variety of other public venues. Pre-requisite: Graduate Standing required

Theory and methodology of oral history methods. Use of oral history interviews in historical research, questions of ethics, interpretation, and the construction of memory. Technical operations and a variety of interview techniques, transcription, and historical use of interviews. Pre: Graduate standing.

Methods for researching and presenting history in a digital environment, with special emphasis on use of digital media as a tool for public historians. Pre: Graduate standing.

Current methodological issues facing public history professionals, the intellectual foundations of these issues, and changing standards of practice in the field of public history to engage students in practical, experiential projects in public history. May be taken for a maximum of 6 credit hours. Pre: Graduate standing.

Covers U.S. foreign policy during the Cold War, the stalemate with the Soviet Union, armament and arms control, containment and deterrence, detente and Reaganism, and the end of the Cold War. Briefly covers events from 1989 to the present. Designed for students with an interest in foreign policy and the global affairs. Prereqs or instructor's permission.

Imperialism, nationalism and their legacies in the twentieth century. Concentration on imperialism and nationalism as categories of historical analysis. Critical examination of the imperial and colonial experiences and of the expansion and transformation of the nation-state system as a consequence of decolonization and global restructuring. I

Dynamics of the Israeli-Palestinian conflict. Critical issues that underlie the conflict and divide Israel and the Palestinians. Diplomatic efforts aimed at resolving the conflict. Pre: Graduate Standing.

This graduate seminar focuses first on the social, economic, and political events which led to civil war, and then on various aspects of the war itself. Special emphasis also will be placed on the major political and military leaders of the period. I

Examination of the important ways Americans have shaped and been shaped by the natural environment from the time of European contact with the New World to the present. Emphasis on the evolution of environmental concern in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. I

Theoretical approaches to understanding the role of gender in political, economic and social life and in popular culture. Survey of major themes and developments since the seventeenth century. Concentration on the development of biological and sociological explanations of gender differences and similarities, and on the evolution of gendered politics and work and family relationships. Emphasis given to class, race, ethnic differences and differences in sexual orientation. I