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Course List (NCR Campus)

STS 6534 (Advanced Topics): History and Social Studies of Computing and Software (elective)

Instructor: Anne Fitzpatrick

Wednesdays 7:00–9:45pm, ONLINE via Zoom

STS 6534 (Advanced Topics): History and Social Studies of Computing and Software

A broad exploration of the roots and evolution of information technology and the computer is critical for those working and living in our increasingly digitized society. In a globalized world, information technology (IT) is shaping not only domestic issues and culture, but also global politics, supply chains, and cyber security. This interdisciplinary course will explore computing, as both a human and machine activity, from a historical context forward to today’s major IT policy issues. We’ll trace computing’s evolution from early manual devices to punched cards, scientific supercomputing and the contemporary explosion of data-oriented computing and consumer driven IT capitalism. We will explore original works by John von Neumann and other computing luminaries as well as more recent scholarly studies that critically examine trends in computer hardware and software, gender in computing, the race for exascale, artificial intelligence, quantum, and the impact of the FAANG companies on our economy and lives. 

STS 6674 (Alternate Perspectives): Peace and Conflict (elective)

Instructor: Christine Leuenberger

Thursdays 7:00–9:45pm, ONLINE via Zoom

This course brings together information produced by academics and policy-makers that relates science and technology to issues of peace and conflict in the contemporary world. We will discuss how various issues ranging from nationalism and ethnocentrism; land-, water-, resource- and infrastructure management; as well as various scientific and knowledge practices can exacerbate conflict that can impact our ability to deal with current challenges, ranging from climate change, migration, to the rise of hard borders. At the same time, we will investigate how trans-border collaboration and regional integration, as well as transborder knowledge production, education and science diplomacy have the potential to serve as tools for peace and capacity building and for establishing a platform that enables us to better address policy challenges in the 21st century. In this course we draw on a range of disciplinary traditions, with a particular focus on Science & Technology Studies, International Relations, Border Studies, as well as Peace & Conflict Studies. We will also work with and discuss issues of peace and conflict with policy-makers, experts and stakeholders involved in policy-making and in peace-and capacity-building.

All Fall courses in the Greater Washington, DC Metro Area will be offered in hybrid format (attend in-person or via Zoom)

STS/PAPA 5614: Introduction to Science and Technology Policy (core)
Instructor: Sonja Schmid
Mondays 7:00–9:45pm, in-person and via Zoom, Falls Church

The study of science and technology policy has been dominated by two approaches. The first treats science as a tool for policy, as summed up by the notion of “science speaking truth to power.” The second focuses on policy designed to shape the organization and conduct of science. This approach has historically looked at government R&D policy. Both approaches have been dominated by modes of analysis that understand science and policy as separate spheres, which are brought together and in the process are corrupted or edified. In this graduate seminar, we will explore approaches to science and technology policy that avoid such sphere-based or linear models. Using recent work in Science and Technology Studies, we will treat science, technology, policy, and social order as co-produced. Case studies will be used to illustrate how this co-production of science, technology, and social order plays out in actual policy-making environments. Sample topics include the history of US science and technology policy, agents of science and technology policy, integrity of research, peer review, and science and technology policy in international contexts. No prerequisites.

STS 5404: Science in Modern America (elective)
Instructor: Janet Abbate
Tuesdays 7:00–9:45pm, in-person and via Zoom, Falls Church

Is there something uniquely “American” about the development of science in the US? This course explores the history of science and scientific communities in America in the late-19th and 20th centuries, examining how the American political and cultural context has shaped—and been shaped by—scientific ideas and practices. Using case studies including genetics, nuclear physics, medicine, and global warming, we will examine the development of modern theories and techniques, the professionalization of science, how race and gender have influenced science, and the contested evolution of science policy in the United States. Course readings will exemplify a wide range of approaches to investigating and writing about history that students can use as models for their own work. Each student will conduct an original research project on a topic of their choice, and we will devote some class time to discussing how to choose research questions, how to identify and analyze historical sources, and how to make a convincing historical argument. No prior STS courses required.

STS 5024: Introduction to Science and Technology Studies (required)
Instructors: Janet Abbate and Philip Olson
Wednesdays 7:00–9:45pm, in-person and via Zoom, Falls Church and Blacksburg

This seminar introduces graduate students to the field of STS and some of its major ideas and texts. We will discuss how STS differs from other fields and the advantages and limits of our unique interdisciplinary approach. Drawing on anthropological, historical, philosophical, and sociological methods, we will explore topics such as the foundations of scientific knowledge; science as a source of social power and authority; understanding technological systems; race, gender, and postcolonial perspectives; and public engagement with science and technology. You will become familiar with some of the major questions and theories that have been debated by STS scholars and learn how the focus of the field has changed over time. Weekly exercises in critical reading, written commentary, and discussion leading will help you learn how to think and communicate like an STS scholar. There will be one instructor each in Blacksburg and in Falls Church.No prerequisites.

STS/NSEG/SPIA 5284: Nuclear Nonproliferation, Safeguards, and Security (elective; anchor course for the Graduate Certificate in Nuclear Science, Technology, and Policy)
Instructors: Sonja Schmid and Mark Pierson
Thursdays 7:00–9:45pm, in-person and via Zoom, Falls Church and Blacksburg

Nuclear energy is at a crossroads: on the one hand, control regimes to contain the spread of nuclear weapons are being refined, while there are still countries seeking to acquire these weapons. On the other hand, we see a revival of nuclear energy as a low-carbon source of energy in some parts of the world, and simultaneously decisions to phase out nuclear energy as not worth the risk of beyond-design accidents. More than ever, then, effective communication is needed between the communities involved: nuclear scientists and engineers, energy strategists, regulators, policy-makers, the nonproliferation community, and the general public. This course offers the next generation of nuclear engineers and science and technology policy scholars a solid introduction to the main features of our global nuclear nonproliferation regime. The seminar combines an overview of technical questions, historical developments, and policy challenges relating to nuclear energy and proliferation, using current case studies. Topics include origins of the nuclear nonproliferation regime, technical basics of the nuclear fuel cycle, international safeguards, and the threat of nuclear terrorism. Graduate students from all disciplines are welcome, particularly those from technical disciplines, STS, and international policy studies. There will be one instructor each in Blacksburg and in Falls Church. No prerequisites.

Theoretical and practical aspects of the public's role in the development, application, and oversight of scientific and technological advances.

Intellectual and institutional history of the field. Key theories, methods, and domains of study. Relation among perspectives from contributing disciplines, and emerging interdisciplinary trends. Emphasis on both solid grounding through classic texts, and discussion of emergent research areas.

Theoretical and methodological issues addressed in the interdisciplinary social study of contemporary science and technology. 5105: social studies of science; 5106: social studies of technology. I

Theoretical and methodological issues addressed in the interdisciplinary social study of contemporary science and technology. 5105: social studies of science; 5106: social studies of technology. II

Methods and concepts in the history of science and technology. 5205: research methods, interpretive approaches, and contemporary issues in the history of science; 5206: research methods, interpretive approaches, and contemporary issues in the history of technology. I

Methods and concepts in the history of science and technology. 5205: research methods, interpretive approaches, and contemporary issues in the history of science; 5206: research methods, interpretive approaches, and contemporary issues in the history of technology. II

Technical essentials, policy analysis, theoretical perspectives of nuclear energy and nuclear nonprofileration. Fundamentals of the nuclear fuel cycle, management of international safeguards, threat of nuclear terrorism, and challenges for global nuclear industry. Pre: Graduate standing.

Problems, literature, and schools in the philosophy of science and technology. 5305: explanation and confirmation; 5306: theory change. I

Problems, literature, and schools in the philosophy of science and technology. 5305: explanation and confirmation; 5306: theory change. II

Examines policy developments and practices that move beyond the conceptual divisions and policy operations begun during the 1970s, which largely divided the more natural science- based environmental sciences from social science-based environmental based studies. Mixes the insights of life science, physical science, social science, applied humanities, and public policy into a cohesive conceptual and operational approach to environmental protection in the 21st century. Graduate standing.

Variable topics in science and technology studies such as role of values in science and technology, risk assessment, and past and present relations of religion to science and technology. May be repeated to a maximum of 6 hours. I

Identification and analysis of ethical issues arising in basic and applied biological, medical, environmental, ecological, and energy studies.

Examines research designs and practices that uncover historical relationships between knowledge contents and social dimensions of science, technology, and medicine. Includes archival research, archaeology of instruments and physical spaces, interviewing for knowledge content, logical and conceptual analysis, participant observation, questionnaires, and proposal preparation.

Strategies for science and technology policy; science education; scientific and technical information for societal uses; government and public policy; resource allocation; economy and global exchanges of science and technology; approaches to policy evaluation.

Variable topics in history of science, technology, and medicine after 1800, such as the atomic age; space science; science, technology, and institutions; scientific and technological medicine; and environmental history. May be repeated with a different topic for a maximum of 6 credits.

Explores a variety of social factors, past and present, that have affected the way we make, use, and think about computers and the Internet. Begins with the origins of the Internet and the people who shape this technology, from military strategists to hackers. Examines the ways diverse groups interact and build communities online and how cultural norms about race and gender shape the ways we participate in the world of computing. Graduate standing required.

Philosophers of science from 1650 to 1900 with particular attention to the historical development of views about the methods of induction and hypothesis and accounts of theory testing.

Variable topics in advanced philosophy of science, including major theories of scientific explanation and their criticisms; philosophical foundations of statistics; naturalized philosophy of science. May be repeated for credit, with permission and different content, for a maximum of 12 hours.

Variable topics in cultural studies of science, technology, engineering, mathematics, and health. May include theories of language and science, popular and public knowledges, cultural performances around science and technology, conceptions of health and the body, cultures of quantification, technology and identity, hierarchies and diversity in science and technology, and cross-cultural comparisons. May be repeated with different content up to a maximum of 12 credits.

Social-scientific perspectives in energy policy. National and international topics and controversies such as fossil fuel resources, climate change, energy security, and the debate over nuclear power. Comparison of international perspectives. Challenges involved with management and regulation of large technological systems, the politics of expertise at the intersection of global climate change and energy security, and the changing character of our global energy infrstructure. Pre: Graduate standing.

Conceptual perspectives on social and cultural studies of risk. Qualitative theories and tools for analyzing a wide range of risks in contemporary culture. Definitions of risk as opposed to concepts such as danger, hazard, and uncertainty. Perception of risk and selective bias in risk perception. Efficiency, objectivity, and morality as factors influencing risk assessment and risk management, and affective definitions of safety and reliability. Role of expertise, trust, and communication in risk regulation. Democratic policy instruments to facilitate stable, legitimate decisions about what risks to take or avoid in contemporary societies. Pre: Graduate Standing.

Variable topics in technology studies, including development and structure of knowledge in technology and engineering, social construction of technology, knowledge and power in technology, gender and technology, engineering in society, human/nonhuman relations in technology. May be repeated with a different topic for a maximum of 6 credits. I,II

Variable topics in science and technology policy. Includes advanced study of science, technology, and economy; science, technology, and power; strategies for research and development policy --public and private sector; transfer of technology; technological forecasting; government regulation and responses; science policy assumptions and challenges, specialist knowledge and expertise; state and academic knowledge production; issues of race, class, gender, and national identity in policy work. May be repeated with a different topic for a maximum of 6 credits.

Variable topics in alternate perspectives. Includes science from scientists' perspectives, indigenous knowledge forms, alternative medicine, New Age science, cyborg theorizing, heterodox perspectives. May be repeated with a different topic for a maximum of 6 credits.

Variable topics in social studies of science, technology, and medicine, including studies of disciplines, institutions, boundaries, discourses, knowledges, and practices. May be repeated with a different topic for a maximum of 6 credits.